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Like This How to Overcome Burns in the Right Child

Burns in children can occur due to various things. Starting from touching hot liquid or steam, in contact with hot objects, until direct contact with fire occurs. Parents certainly do not want their children to get injured. But sometimes, the curiosity of a big child can cause burns. For example, accidentally touching a frying pan, pan, or hot water that is nearby. In addition, while playing fireworks or matches, sparks can hurt the child so that burns occur on the child.

Types of Burns

First aid burns to children or appropriate treatment methods, it is important to know the level of burns experienced so that the treatment given is appropriate. Therefore, burns must be treated quickly to minimize skin damage. Burns are divided into several levels, namely:
  • First-degree burns

  • At this level, burns occur only in the upper layers of the skin. Burned skin will turn red, painful, swollen, and dry skin without blisters. Generally it will heal in 3-6 days, but the skin will peel within 1-2 days after a burn occurs.
  • Second-degree burns

  • At this level, burns are included in a more serious condition, because they have injured the lower layer of skin or dermis. It appears from the blistered and reddish skin, and feels very painful. The process of healing second-degree burns is long enough, up to three weeks or more.
  • Third-degree burns

  • Third-degree burns are the most serious burns because they hurt all layers of the skin and the underlying tissues. Burns at this level will make the skin look dry and white, dark brown and even scorch. Nerve damage sometimes makes you numb or just a little pain around the burn.

Handling of Burns

Never burn a compress with ice. This will only make the child's body temperature go down, it can also cause more damage to the injured skin. What must be done so that burns in children can be overcome properly is to "calm" the burn area with water. Flush burns with running water, for at least 5-15 minutes. This method also helps to release some of the dirt that might be attached to the wound. If the burn area is on a child, there is a cloth attached, do not try to remove it, let the doctor treat the child's wound later with adequate medical equipment. You can only cut clothing that is around the burn so that skin damage does not occur. If the burn area is relatively small, after cleaning, then wrap the wound with gauze or sterile dressing for at least 24 hours. Avoid exposing ingredients such as oil or toothpaste to wounds. To relieve pain, give your child paracetamol according to the recommended dosage or according to doctor's instructions. In children who have burns with a wound area that is wide enough and causes blisters or become white and scorched skin, immediately take the child to the doctor or hospital, to get the right treatment. Including if the burns experienced are in the area of ​​the face, feet, hands, arms or genitals that cause blisters. To prevent burns in children can be done in various ways. You can start by avoiding dangerous objects from the reach of children, such as lighters, fireworks, or burning candles. Also avoid putting hot drinks in an area easily accessible to children. When going to bathe the child, first check the water temperature carefully. In addition, children should not be left around the stove or kitchen without supervision. It is very important to prevent burns in children.


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