Factors That Cause NeutropeniaThe main cause of neutropenia is cancer chemotherapy. Someone who experiences neutropenia due to chemotherapy, is very susceptible to bacterial infections. Other causes of neutropenia are infections, such as tuberculosis bacteria, Epstein-Barr virus, hepatitis, sepsis, dengue fever and HIV / AIDS. Some conditions are known to increase the risk of neutropenia, including:
- Lack of vitamins
- Congenital abnormalities (congenital) in the function of the bone marrow, such as Kostmann's syndrome
- Bone marrow diseases, such as leukemia, myelodisplasia syndrome, myelofibrosis, and aplastic anemia.
- Automatic destruction of neutrophils, both from disease or from drugs that stimulate the immune system
Recognizing the Symptoms CausedNot all neutropenic conditions will show specific symptoms. Some cases of neutropenia are known on blood tests due to other conditions. If symptoms occur, generally due to complications or due to conditions causing neutropenia. Symptoms that arise can be classified as mild to severe. The lower the neutrophil level, the symptoms that arise can be more severe or numerous. Fever is a symptom that appears in the state of neutropenia, generally a sign of infection. Infection can occur in the form of rashes, abscesses or wounds that do not heal immediately. In addition, neutropenia can also be related to other conditions in the form of:
- Ear infection